Topics include biosis-abiosis interface of dental implants, biomaterials in interface science, biomedical engineering interface and cell manipulation and tissue regeneration. Readers not only from the field of dentistry but also many related areas will find this book a valuable resource.
Mots-clés dentistry oral and maxillofacial surgery regenerative medicine tissue engineering. Résumé This book provides information on the current technological developments and new concepts in orthodontic treatment procedures. The main concepts of the book are scope innovations in accelerated tooth movement, new developments such as corticotomy, microperforations MOPpiezosicion, photobiostimulation, laser in orthodontics, chemical agents, as well as complications and risks.
The book contains interdisciplinary managements involving surgery first, cleft lip and palate therapy, orthognathic surgery, and obstructive sleep apnea. This internationally-recognized specialty is continuing to experience advancements in technology, instrumentation, and treatment methods.
Résumé This book provides information to the readers starting with the history of oral hygiene manners, and modern oral hygiene practices. It continues with the prevalence and etiology of caries and remedy of caries through natural sources.
Etiology of secondary caries in prosthetic restorations and the relationship between orthodontic treatment and caries is addressed. An update of early childhood caries is presented.
The use of visual-tactile method, radiography and fluorescence in caries detection is given. The book finishes with methods used for the prevention of white spot lesions and management of caries. Migliorati Fotinos S. Résumé This handbook has the goal of providing a short and objective approach to the diagnosis and management of common oral lesions and conditions likely to be encountered in the daily practice of dentistry by the general practitioner.
One of the chapters is dedicated to oral hygiene and oral health maintenance recommendations. Résumé Implant dentistry has come a long way since Dr. Branemark introduced the osseointegration concept with endosseous implants. The use of dental implants has increased exponentially in the last three decades.
As implant treatment became more predictable, the benefits of therapy became evident. The demand for dental implants has fueled a rapid expansion of the market. Presently, general dentists and a variety of specialists offer implants as a solution to partial and complete edentulism.
Implant dentistry continues to evolve and expand with the development of new surgical and prosthodontic techniques. The aim of Implant Dentistry - A Rapidly Evolving Practice, is to provide a comtemporary clinic resource for dentists who want to replace missing teeth with dental implants. It is a text that relates one chapter to every other chapter and integrates common threads among science, clinical experience and future concepts.
This book consists of 23 chapters divided into five sections. We believe that, Implant Dentistry: A Rapidly Evolving Practice, will be a valuable source for dental students, post-graduate residents, general dentists and specialists who want to know more about dental implants. Résumé Chronic inflammation such as seen in periodontitis and its bidirectional influence on the systemic health has been of increased interest for a decade.
In this text book, we have explored the biological and genetic pathways by which periodontal diseases may influence these disease processes and vice versa. Occlusal rehabilitation using the MEAW technique for the effective treatment of class II deep bite malocclusion and the timely management of cleft lip and palate to benefit the holistic welfare of the patient are presented here.
The book addresses the development of bioinspired functionally graded dental restorative materials and also a simulation method that can improve clinical durability and enhance the functional capability of the dentition and indirect prostheses.
Une succession d'occupations du début du Néolithique moyen à l'âge du Bronze ancien. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory. DOI: Stable isotope investigations of the Prehistory of the Western Mediterranean have increased exponentially during the last decade. This region has a high number of Mesolithic and Neolithic carbon and nitrogen isotope ratio data available This region has a high number of Mesolithic and Neolithic carbon and nitrogen isotope ratio data available compared with other world areas, resulting from the interest in the " transition " between hunter-gathering and farming.
Dental caries 2018 new insights
This type of analysis is important as one of the few tools that give direct information on the poorly understood dietary transition from hunter-gatherer to agro-pastoralist subsistence in the Mediterranean Basin. Carbon and nitrogen stable isotope analysis on bulk collagen are especially useful for exploring marine vs. These data show a gradual dietary shift in aquatic resource consumption during the transition to farming that contrasts to elsewhere in Europe.
A combined analysis of dietary habits in the Bronze Age site of Ballabio northern Italy more. In recent years, the ever more frequent studies on the Bronze Age in northern Italy have shown the importance of this area for cultural and economic exchanges between central and southern Europe.
The aim of the present multidisciplinary The aim of the present multidisciplinary study was to define the health, behaviour and dietary habits in an Early-Middle Bronze Age skeletal sample from the Ballabio necropolis Lecco, Italy. Skeletal remains were found in two adjacent funerary structures, interpreted as primary burials and as places of secondary deposition. Studies on the health and diet of the individuals were based on dental-alveolar features, and carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios.
The individuals exhibit a low prevalence of caries, abscesses and ante-mortem tooth loss, but do exhibit high calculus and alveolar resorption rates, suggesting a subsistence pattern based on pastoralism more than agriculture.
Stable isotope ratios indicate a mixed diet and support the hypothesis of a protein intake based on terrestrial resources, with an appreciable amount of animal foodstuffs. There are no statistically significant sex or age differences, although adolescents and young adults 15—25 years old seem to have consumed more animal protein.
The isotope data from Ballabio are similar to other Early Bronze Age data collected from other sites in northern Italy. However, the pattern changed during the Middle Bronze Age, suggesting complex agricultural modifications in this area impacted by new crops such as millet. Gallia Préhistoire, 57,p.
Sechter, the site of Mougins — Bréguières, in Southeastern France, appears of a huge patrimonial and scientific interest, due to the exceptional abundance and preservation of human bones, the singularity of associated material, and the specificity of the place, a fault, where the corpses were left. In the frame of the ETICALP project, direct dating of bone collagen has been run in order to define the chronological and cultural context of human deposits.
The latter have demonstrated that the human bone assemblage presents all the characters of a collective burial which then appears as one of the oldest within the Western Mediterranean Neolithic, in a social context marked by deep changes in symbolic paradigms through the whole Western Europe. The biological analysis indicates that the individuals composing this assemblage did cover a large range of ageing clusters, with the exception of perinatal.
A first set of isotopic analyses highlights the huge potential of these series for understanding the diet variability among the individuals and during their own life. Metz more. Abstract The classic interpretation of stable isotope data from young children in an archaeological context is based on the hypothesis that the nitrogen isotope ratios present in breast milk remain identical throughout the breastfeeding Abstract The classic interpretation of stable isotope data from young children in an archaeological context is based on the hypothesis that the nitrogen isotope ratios present in breast milk remain identical throughout the breastfeeding period.
This exploratory study assesses the changes in the nitrogen and carbon isotope ratios in maternal milk and in the nails of the mother and child, with the aim to evaluate the impact of variations in the stable isotope ratios in maternal milk on the tissues of children, and consequently on the reconstruction of the palaeo-diet of young children.
In addition, the data from this study does not confirm the hypo- thesis of a significant increase in heavy isotopes in the nails of newborn babies in relation to those of their mother at childbirth. Les ensembles funéraires néolithiques : fouilles anciennes, études nouvelles more. Goude, M. Willmes, R. Wood, P. Courtaud, F. Leandri, J. Cesari, R. Only the island of Corsica has so far produced relatively well preserved burials, Only the island of Corsica has so far produced relatively well preserved burials, and recent archaeological excavations have brought to light new Mesolithic human remains.
The site of Campu Stefanu, located in Sollacaro in the southeast of the island, contained a collective burial of individuals in a previously unobserved funerary context. A re-evaluation of collections in regional museums yielded the remains from another Mesolithic individual from the site of Torre d'Aquila, excavated at Pietracorbara, in the northern part of the island, at the beginning of the s.
The dietary variability recorded in Corsica is consistent with results obtained from Mesolithic human remains of Sicily and the Iberian Peninsula. We can hypothesize, that despite the nomadic lifestyle, the distance to the sea played a major role in Mesolithic food choices in Corsica. Cette nécropole correspond à This Neolithic necropolis is one of the largest currently known in France and contains burials covering a period of occupation of roughly one millennium.
The site is located at a point where several cultures intersect and has produced a substantial variety of grave goods and burial practices that attest to multiple influences. Compared to a regional isotopic data set on the regional fauna, our results show the importance of animal proteins from livestock meat and dairy products in the human diet at the time, which probably also included freshwater fish.
The comparison with bioarchaeological parameters did, however, reveal some distinctive trends, especially in relation to age, sex, and chronology. View on readcube. Dietary changes and millet consumption in northern France at the end of Prehistory: Evidence from archaeobotanical and stable isotope data more.
Carbon and nitrogen isotopic variability in bone collagen during the Neolithic period: Influence of environmental factorsand diet more. Studies on Holocene periods in France and Liguria over the past 15 years provide an important isotopic database d 13 C and d 15 N on human and animal bone collagen during the Neolithic period ca. We propose a new insight into d 13 C and d 15 N data to understand the variability in both environment and human diet at the onset of farming.
Higher d 15 N and lower d 13 C ratios are found in samples from northern France. Conversely, lower nitrogen and higher carbon isotopic ratios are present in samples from the Mediterranean area. Results indicate the probable strong influence of natural factors impacting soil and plant isotopic ratios and passing this variation further on into the whole food chain.
Our data indicate that the isotopic baseline depends on the local environmental particularities which must be taken into account in reconstructing human palaeodiets. Le Roy, E. Herrscher, S. Arhaika, 3 : Pratiques alimentaires au Néolithique moyen : nouvelles données sur le site de Pontcharaud 2 Puy-de-Dôme, Auvergne, France more.
Le site de Pontcharaud 2 à Clermont-Ferrand en Auvergne a livré un vaste ensemble funéraire dont les premières datations radiométriques réalisées sur os proposent une fourchette chronologique de BC cal. Une étude anthropologique a été réalisée préalablement aux analyses isotopiques. Dans le traitement statistique, les individus immatures ont été répartis en 3 catégories: ,  et  ans. Ce classement est défini par des critères biologiques. La méthode de diagnose sexuelle probabiliste DSPélaborée à partir de données métriques, a été privilégiée.
Publication Name: Bulletin de la Société préhistorique française. Détermination de l'état de conservation, du consolidant et dosages isotopiques d13C, d15N d'ossements d'anciennes collections anthropologiques: le cas de la grotte La Pollera Ligurie, Italie more. Publication Date: Dal Neolitico all'Età del Ferro: indagine paleonutrizionale su alcune popolazioni della Liguria attraverso un approccio isotopico. Publisher: Sagep Ed. Journal Name: Archeologia in Liguria vol. Praud, E. Panloups avec la collaboration de L.
Aubry, V. Bernard, F. Bostyn, M. Boulen, J. Chombart, W. Devriendt, M. Dietsch-Sellami, C. Dupont, Q. Goeffette, G. Goude, L. Hachem, Y. Maigrot, C. Monchablon, A. Salavert, E. Werth, Bulletin de la Société archéologique champenoise,p. Varalli, G. Goude, A. Del Lucchese, Archeologia in Liguria, 5, p. Couture et du Prof. View on grenet.
Diet in Peru's pre-Hispanic central coast more. Based on associated grave finds and the lack of habitation sites near the cemetery, it has been hypothesised that both burial populations Based on associated grave finds and the lack of habitation sites near the cemetery, it has been hypothesised that both burial populations came from a certain distance of the site ca. We tested these hypotheses, based on material culture, through stable isotope analysis. The aim was to understand the populations' diet and geographic origins.
We sampled 47 human individuals and eleven sets of faunal remains from both phases for stable isotope analysis carbon, nitrogen, sulphur and oxygen of bone and dental collagen, and apatite. Modern samples of autochthonous food were also tested as a baseline for comparison. The results showed preservation differences between the remains from both phases. Individuals from Phase 1 provided the best isotopic dataset and showed consumption of protein from marine resources and C4 plants.
On the other hand, bioapatite carbon and oxygen stable isotope results from both phases highlighted differences in C4 plant consumption and individuals of possible non-local origin. The results liposuccion multiple ou the need to study further the effect of brewed or cooked beverages on bioapatite oxygen levels. Finally, results from Phase 1 fit with the broader dietary pattern evident in other Andean sites, where coastal populations consumed marine protein and C4 plants, as opposed to highland populations who relied on terrestrial protein sources and C3 plants.
View on sciencedirect. Courtaud P. Campu Stefanu. Le premier peuplement de Corse. Archaeology and European Archaeology. Herrscher, G. Goude, Biogéochimie isotopique et anthropologie. Balasse, JP. Brugal, Y. Dauphin, E. Geigl, C. Oberlin, I. Reiche Dir. Archéométrie du squelette animal et humain. Archives Contemporaines, Paris, p. Rey, F. Toulemonde, M. Cervel, S. Rottier, In Nordez M.
Dietary variability during Bronze Age in central Italy: first results more. Goude, D. Binder, A. Del Lucchese Alimentation et modes de vie néolithiques en Ligurie. Bernabo Brea, R. Maggi, A. Manfredini eds. Prehistoric food behaviours and physical anthropology in the northwestern Mediterranean, Cuadernos de Prehistoria y Arqueología de la Universidad de Granada, 22, Balasescu, H.
Reveillas, Y. Thomas, P. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology. Several human groups from the Neolithic to the Bronze Age have been analysed in France during the past decade mainly for C and N stable isotope as part of research programmes focusing on prehistoric dietary variability.
This short report presents the first diachronic isotopic results on the palaeodiet in northeastern France. Due to the exceptional archaeological characteristics human deposits in various positions in pitsof the bone collection from the site of Gougenheim and the surrounding areas Late Neolithic-Iron Age, Alsace, Francethis assemblage provides a new isotopic dataset to study diet and the potential relationship with social elements or other factors involved in food choices.
In order to obtain individual palaeodietary information, carbon and nitrogen stable isotope analyses were performed on 23 adult and 20 immature human bone collagen samples as well as on 25 animal remains. Women probably consumed more diversified food sources, suggesting increased residential mobility.
Although body deposits point to the presence of two distinct subgroups, no relationship with animal protein intake was identified. It is a funerary cave with collective inhumations, used during Final Neolithic after the radiocarbon dates This study aims to know 1 the ecosystem exploited for food consumption by humans from the Grotte I des Treilles, and 2 the relationship between dietary choices and biometric data.
Stable isotope analyses were thus performed on 42 mature individuals selected from 86 adults as well as 14 faunal remains from different regional sites. Dietary practices are mainly focused on meat consumption compared to plant resources. Our results also highlight a probable consumption of meat of young animal not weaned and various animal protein intake according to individuals. This variability was not correlated to anthropometric data stature and robustnessand food choices seem not sex-related.
View on pm. Metal exploitation, modifications of the production system and manifestation of a social hierarchy are archaeologically attested during the Early Bronze Age in Western Europe.
These social and technical modifications do not seem to appear These social and technical modifications do not seem to appear in a linear way but rather according to regional strategies. Moreover, the subsistence pattern seems mainly turned toward herding and agriculture with a different access to the food items in relation with social and biological criteria.
Based on an isotopic approach, the objectives of this research are 1 to characterize the dietary practices of individuals buried in Auvergne region and 2 to evaluate the impact of the local environment on human food choices and the management of these resources. Results show a wide dispersion of both carbon and nitrogen isotopic values for animals These values are in relation either with a varied environment or the consumption of diversified food items. Isotopic data do not show any significant consumption of millet for both animal and human groups whereas its cultivation is attested in Central France during the Bronze Age.
The human inter-variability of isotopic ratios has been analyzed according biological and funerary criteria, no significant cluster appears. The apparent social hierarchy of certain subjects buried in pit well-architectured is not expressed either by significant food behaviors.
A European comparison allows us to propose regional dietary practices involving a differential consumption of meat proteins according to pastoral and agricultural activities as well as the introduction of the millet crop cultivation. More Info: Reconstitution of Dietary practices in Auvergne during Early Bronze Age through the isotopic analysis of animal and human bones.
Pratiques alimentaires au Néolithique moyen : Nouvelles données sur le site de Pontcharaud 2 Auvergne, France.
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Schmitt, E. Loison, S. Cabut, G. André,Bulletin de la Société Préhistorique Française, 2 : BMSAP in press. Anthropologie historique du corps: seize regards more. The Bronze Age diet in Auvergne France : a stable isotope approach more.
Publisher: halshs. Le Bras-Goude G. Analyzing human diet through space and time provides a comparative and diachronic view into the richness of human practices. This article aims to review human dietary studies focusing specifically on stable isotope analyses carried out from the Neolithic to theMiddle Ages in the Mediterranean region, an area well known as a biodiversity hotspot.
Published studies as well as personal research are part of this review. However, it is a non-exhaustive presentation of this important research topic, yet it aims to provide a summary on both human paleodiet and state-of-the-art research on this subject.
Castroni, E. Cabut, MA. European Journal of Archaeology. Funeral practices and foodstuff behaviour: What does eat meat mean? Stable isotope analysis of Middle Neolithic populations in the Languedoc region France more. Diet of ancient and middle Neolithic populations in the northwest of Mediterranean.
Anthropological and isotopic studies more. Publisher: hal-inrap. New radiocarbon dates and isotope analysis of Neolithic human and animal bone from the Fontbrégoua Cave Salernes, Var, France more. Publisher: researchgate. Anthropological Sciences. Southern French Neolithic populations: Isotopic evidence for regional specificities in environment and diet more.
From individual mobility to population dynamics during the Mesolithic and Neolithic transformations in the Danube Gorges Balkans, ca. Goude, S. Lebon, A. Mazuy, G. André, E.
Exploratory study on bone apatite preservation and stable isotope ratios: interest for millet detection in Prehistoric Caucasus. BC: Origin and development novembre, Lyon, Franceposter. This paper presents first results on preservation state and stable isotope This paper presents first results on preservation state and stable isotope ratios performed on bone apatite from prehistoric samples in Caucasus.
Bone apatite carbon isotope ratios allow getting information on the whole diet including carbohydrate consumed coming from cereal resources. In the Caucasus area studied far from the seathe relative consumption of these different cereals by animals and humans is thus detectable in apatite and helps documenting the role of C4 plant in economic activities and its modification through Prehistoric periods animal fodder?
Fishing in the Mesolithic-Neolithic Danube Gorges: archaeological, archaeozoological and isotopic evidence more. The aim of this paper is to present and integrate new and existing archaeological, archaeozoological and isotopic data from the Mesolithic-Neolithic sites in the Danube Gorges of the Balkans. It has been hypothesised that fishing must It has been hypothesised that fishing must have played a significant, if not crucial role in the prolonged stay of human communities in this region in the Early Holocene 10th-8th millennium BCand consequently in the formation of first semi sedentary settlements c.
The significance of aquatic resources in this particular context is amply manifested in the archeological record — namely by considerable amounts of fish remains, isotopic signatures of human remains, and by distinctive sculpted sandstone boulders displaying elements of fish anatomy. However, even though the economic and social role of fishing has been recognised and emphasised in previous archaeological publications, a detailed archaeozoological analysis of fish remains had not been undertaken.
Consequently, the great potential of cross-referencing archaeozoological and isotopic data has not been exploited.
Therefore, this research employs a multidisciplinary approach which includes ichtyoarchaeology, stable isotope analysis of human remains, archaeological indicators of fishing and its importance i. Case studies utilised in our research include the sites of Lepenski Vir, Padina and Vlasac, which were located on river terraces in the vicinity of whirlpools and small river tributaries, and could have therefore been recognised as attractive fishing spots.
The results of ongoing archaeozoological analysis of fish remains from these sites suggest that its inhabitants were oriented towards fishing freshwater species large catfish, carp, roach, huchenbut also very large anadromous sturgeons beluga, Russian sturgeon, stellate sturgeon during their spawning migrations to and from the Black Sea.
By integrating various disciplinary approaches, this research aims to provide new insights into the strategies of fish procurement and consumption — species selection and availability, the size of caught specimens, seasonality and fishing techniques, the role of fish in human diet and among different categories of the population, as well as the relationship between humans and the aquatic environment in this particular context.
On a larger scale, the Danube Gorges sites, occupied by semi sedentary fishermen over a long time span between the 10th and 6th millennia BC, offer great possibilities for studying and understanding various aspects of Mesolithic-Neolithic transformations. Goude, J. Herrscher, M. Le Roy, S. Rottier, S. Goude, P. Courtaud, J. Cesari, F. Toulemonde, S. Le Roy, G. EAA septembre Istanbul, Turquie.